What is Neuropsychology?

Neuropsychology is the study of brain-behavior relationships.  In clinical neuropsychology, brain functioning is evaluated by testing memory and thinking skills, and the pattern of strengths and weaknesses that emerge are used in the differentiation and identification of diagnosis and treatment planning.  

Why Have I Been Referred?

 

People are generally referred to us in order to help treating professionals understand how the different areas of the brain are working.  Sometimes the need for this evaluation is prompted secondary to developmental delays, after someone has acquired a brain injury, or diagnosed with a medical condition or neurological disease such as dementia, epilepsy, HIV, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, Multiple Sclerosis, etc.  Other times, people are referred when there are changes or complaints involving memory, attention, language, motor skills such as balance and coordination, and/or personality/emotional struggles.  

Additionally, people are referred when there are concerns regarding daily functioning such as driving, readiness to return to work, managing money, or performing household duties.

 

Referrals are also made secondary to learning issues within the school environment such as suspected Dyslexia, social and/or language atypical behaviors such as an Autism Spectrum Disorder or Nonverbal Learning Disability (NLD).

 

Overall, testing will help to differentiate or identify a diagnosis and etiological sources of brain-based dysfunction, as well as develop a treatment plan/intervention to offset cognitive/behavioral deficits.

What is Assessed?

 

Neuropsychological evaluations are comprehensive in scope and generally assess cognitive functioning in the domains of:  

 

  • Intellectual and Global Functioning

  • Attention and Executive Control

  • Learning and Memory

  • Language

  • Visual-Spatial Skills

  • Motor and Sensory Functioning

  • Emotional status/Behavior/Personality

  • Adaptive Functioning/Daily Living Skills

  • Academic/Achievement Skills

 

Note:  Some areas of function are examined in more detail than others depending on presenting concerns.